August 13, 2014 | By No Comments

What Are Refrigerant Gases?

A refrigerant gas is a chemical, which is used in cooling system for mechanical devices like refrigerators, air conditioners or walk-in freezers. Most of the refrigeration devices depend on chemical reactions of the refrigerant gas to eliminate heat from enclosed area. There actually are numerous gases used as refrigerants. Earlier refrigerants were highly dangerous and toxic chemicals. The new gases that have replaced them are known to be safer, but many of them can still have a harmful effect on the worldwide environment.

Artificial refrigeration by using chemical and mechanical processes started in 19th century. The chemists had long recognized that a few chemical reactions divert or absorb heat, lowering temperature of the given area. The beverage and food industry of that time required an alternative to inefficient and costly refrigeration methods for the storage and transport of ice. So, a complex system using chemicals was created to draw the heat from enclosed area, creating refrigerated compartments. Most of them involved some type of refrigerant gas.

Any mechanical refrigeration unit depends on storing certain quantity of a refrigerant gas. So, many refrigerant gas importers in India emerged. The unit creates controlled chemical reaction by forcing the refrigerant gas to change its state or combining with other chemicals, by drawing heat from refrigerated compartment. Early home and commercial refrigeration unit used gases like methyl chloride and ammonia. These gases are very toxic and can cause injuries in case they escaped containments or required maintenance. Due to this, most refrigerant gases of early times are not in use now.

The Refrigerant Gases Manufacturer replaced toxic refrigerant gas with synthetic refrigerant known as chlorofluorocarbons. They were safer to store and handle. Continuing advances in the technology of refrigeration have produced safer alternative refrigerants along with efficient machines that need a fraction of refrigerant chemicals utilized by older units.

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